SMO Wiki

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Over the course of the build up of the SMO we present a growing collection of useful (social) media datasets. These will comprise Open Access Datasets and Access on Request Datasets, both collected by ourselves as well as collections by other projects.

Table of contents

Open Access

Datenbank öffentlicher Sprecher (DBÖS) / Database of Public Speakers (DOPS)

The Leibniz Institute for Media Research curates the DBÖS/DOPS, a comprehensive and up-to-date collection of media, organizations, and individuals from Germany which contribute to public debates. The currently available dataset consists of 7.169 entries and comprises basic publicly available information (e.g. party membership for politicians, or mode of financing for media outlets) alongside with public social media accounts (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram) for each database entry.

Schmidt, Jan-Hinrik, Lisa Merten, Felix Victor Münch (2023): Die „Datenbank Öffentlicher Sprecher“ (DBÖS). Juni 2023. Online verfügbar:

Twitter Parliamentarian Database

a database consisting of parliamentarian names, parties and twitter ids from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Denmark, Spain, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Malta, Poland, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, New Zealand, Turkey, United States, Canada, Australia, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Latvia and Slovenia. In addition, the database includes the European Parliament. The tweet ids from the politicans’ tweets have been collected from September 2017 - 31 October 2019 (more data can be added later). In compliance with Twitter’s policy, we only store tweet ids, which can be re-hydrated into full tweets using existing tools. More information on how to use the database can be found in the readme.txt.

Ukraine Dataset

Twitter (and maybe later other social media) data around the Ukraine Invasion in February 2022. Data reaches back until February 1st and will be updated daily. (

Access on Request

We plan to make certain datasets available on request or in form of collaborations with the SMO. This is mostly necessary either due to ethical considerations, legal constraints or the Terms of Service of the APIs they have been collected with.

While we a working on a formal request procedure, please contact us via email if you are interested in one of the datasets in the meantime.

German Twittersphere Core [available] (GETCORE)

This dataset comprises a sparsified sample of the German-speaking Twitter follow network. It was collected via an adaption of a graph sampling method that aims to prioritise the most central nodes in a network (

As a result it contains a set of approximately 200 000 accounts which makes up an estimated 40% of an average German-using Twitter account’s followings (based on data from 2016 and 2019, we have reasons to assume however, that the user base is only changing slowly since 2016). A detailed description of the collection method and the dataset can be found in this journal paper:


The useNews data set comes in (Puschmann & Haim, 2020). It combines three innovative data sources and links their content for the years 2018-2020: the Reuters Digital News Report (user preferences and rankings of news brands), MediaCloud (news content) and CrowdTangle (Facebook engagement metrics). The dataset can be found here:

It comprises

Event-centric data sets

In a cooperation with NDR Data data sets focusing on wide spread media topics in Germany in 2021 have been collected. Details and data sets are available upon request.

Roadmap for SMO provided datasets

Based on DOPS and GETCORE we plan to collect social media activity on all platforms that we will cover over the course of the next 4 years (i.e. Twitter, Online News Media, Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, and Wikipedia).

DOPS forms the basis of various social media trackings.

GETCORE provides an alternative to DOPS for the identification of relevant public speakers.

Based on both we will start continuous long-term collection of activity

Additionally we will start a long-term collection by topics of interest (TOPICS) and short-term event-related tracking on a case by case or demand basis (EVENTS).

We plan to implement the collections in a half-year cycle, building up the collection platform by platform.

Most activity datasets will have to be accessible on request due to legal or ethical reasons.

Datasets provided by external resources

The following table contains a list of datasets provided by several external resources.

Name Format Description Platform Provider Open Access Dataset link Release Year Sizes/Number of observation Keywords
One Million Posts: A Data Set of German Online Discussions SQLite An Austrian daily broadsheet called Der Standard has a specific section for discussion for its users. This data set contains a selection of user posts from the 12 months time span from 2015-06-01 to 2016-05-31. There are 11,773 labeled and 1,000,000 unlabeled posts in the data set.The post which are labeled were annotated by the newspaper employee.Annotated labels are mainly sentiment(positive,negative,neutral),off topic(yes,no), discriminating(yes,no), inappropriate(yes,no) etcs. Austrian newspaper websites. Dietmar Schabus, Marcin Skowron, Martin Trapp Y 2017 339 Mb/1,011,773 Development, deployment and usability testing of a Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Information Retrieval system that supports the moderation of user comments on a large newspaper website
The Polly Corpus: online political debate Google spreadsheet POLLY is a free multimodal corpus with 125,000 German tweets posted before, during and after the 2017 German federal elections. It includes tweets about politicians, by politicians, by fans of politicians, and by far-right supporters. Twitter Tom De Smedt , Sylvia Jaki Y Spreadsheet Images 2017 125,000 Political discourse, hate speech
IWG_hatespeech_public CSV This repository contains a German, annotated corpus of tweets regarding refugees in Germany. The tweets are annotated with hate speech ratings. Twitter User-Centred Social Media(UCSM) Y 2019 - Hate speech, tweets about refugees
GermEval-2018 txt GermEval is a dataset of offensive language identification. Data generated from twitter was used for this purpose . Twitter Josef Ruppenhofer, Melanie Siegel, Michael Wiegand Y Test sets , Train sets 2018 8541 tweets Offensive language, Text classification
HASOC track at FIRE 2019: Hate Speech and Offensive Content Identification in Indo-European Languages tsv HASOC track intends to stimulate development in Hate Speech for Hindi, German and English. Three datasets were developed from Twitter and Facebook and made available Twitter and Facebook Hate speech and offensive content identification in into european language(HASOC) Y 2019 7,005 Hate speech
Webis-Argument-Framing-19 CSV Topics and Subtopics, as well as Premises and conclusions, scraped form the debate platform debatepedia.​org. It contains data on 465 topics and has identified 1623 subtopics as frames for these topics. debate platform debatepedia.​org (currently unavailable; 10.11.2021) Yamen Ajjour, Milad Alshomary, Henning Wachsmuth, and Benno Stein Y 2019 7.4 MB/ 12,326 Argument Mining, Aspect/Frame detection

[TODO: Add POLUSA and Twitter Parliamentarian Database]